OBAMA’S CLIMATE POLICY

Obama’s Climate Policy Is a Hot Mess

The president hails the Paris Agreement again—even though it will solve nothing and cost trillions.

ENLARGE
PHOTO: GETTY IMAGES
By

BJORN LOMBORG

June 30, 2016 7:06 p.m. ET

When President Obama flew to Ottawa, Canada, on Wednesday to meet with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto, promoting their climate-change policies was near the top of the agenda. “The Paris Agreement was a turning point for our planet,” the leaders’ joint statement said, referring to the climate pact signed with fanfare in April by nearly 200 nations. “North America has the capacity, resources and the moral imperative to show strong leadership building on the Paris Agreement and promoting its early entry into force.”

Attracting rather less attention than the Ottawa meeting was a June 22 hearing on Capitol Hill. Testifying before the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology, Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Gina McCarthyextolled the Paris Agreement as an “incredible achievement.” But when repeatedly asked, she wouldn’t explain exactly how much this treaty would actually cut global temperatures.

The Paris Agreement will cost a fortune but do little to reduce global warming. In a peer-reviewed article published in Global Policy this year, I looked at the widely hailed major policies that Paris Agreement signatories pledged to undertake and found that they will have a negligible temperature impact. I used the same climate-prediction model that the United Nations uses.

First, consider the Obama administration’s signature climate policy, the Clean Power Plan. The U.N.’s model shows that it will accomplish almost nothing. Even if the policy withstands current legal challenges and its cuts are totally implemented—not for the 14 years that the Paris agreement lasts, but for the rest of the century—the Clean Power Plan would reduce temperatures by 0.023 degrees Fahrenheit by 2100.

President Obama has made grander promises of future carbon cuts, beyond the plan’s sweeping restrictions on the power industry, but these are only vaguely outlined now. In the unlikely event that all of these extra cuts also happen, and are adhered to throughout the rest of the century, the combined reduction in temperatures would be 0.057 degrees. In other words, if the U.S. delivers for the whole century on the very ambitious Obama rhetoric, it would postpone global warming by about eight months at the end of the century.

Or consider the Paris Agreement promises from the entire world using the reduction estimate from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the organization responsible for the Paris summit. The U.N.’s model reveals a temperature reduction by the end of the century of only 0.08 degrees Fahrenheit. If we generously assume that the promised cuts for 2030 are not only met (which itself would be a U.N. first), but sustained throughout the rest of the century, temperatures in 2100 would drop by 0.3 degrees—the equivalent of postponing warming by less than four years at the end of the century. A cut of 0.3 degrees matches the finding of a Massachusetts Institute of Technology analysis of the Paris Agreement last year.

The costs of the Paris climate pact are likely to run to $1 trillion to $2 trillion annually throughout the rest of the century, using the best estimates from the Stanford Energy Modeling Forum and the Asia Modeling Exercise. Spending more than $100 trillion for such a feeble temperature reduction by the end of the century does not make sense.

Some Paris Agreement supporters defend it by claiming that its real impact on temperatures will be much more significant than the U.N. model predicts. This requires some mental gymnastics and heroic assumptions. The group doing climate modeling for the U.S. State Department assumes that without the Paris Agreement emissions would be much higher than under any realistic scenario. With such an unrealistically pessimistic baseline, they can then magically show that the agreement will cut temperatures by 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit—with about 1.5 degrees of the drop coming from a reduction of these fantasy carbon emissions.

The Climate Action Tracker, widely cited by Paris Agreement fans, predicts a temperature reduction of 1.6 degrees by the end of the century. But that model is based heavily on the assumption that even stronger climate policies will be adopted in the future—98% of the assumed reductions come after the current Paris Agreement promises to expire in 2030.

Even this wishful thinking won’t achieve anything close to the 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) reduction that has become the arbitrary but widely adopted benchmark for what will be essential to avoid the worst effects of global warming.

The Paris Agreement is the wrong solution to a real problem. We should focus more on green-energy research and development, like that promoted by Bill Gates and the Breakthrough Coalition. Mr. Gates has announced that private investors are committing $7 billion for clean energy R&D, while the White House will double its annual $5 billion green innovation fund. Sadly, this sorely needed investment is a fraction of the cost of the same administration’s misguided carbon-cut policies.

Instead of rhetoric and ever-larger subsidies of today’s inefficient green technologies, those who want to combat climate change should focus on dramatically boosting innovation to drive down the cost of future green energy.

The U.S. has already shown the way. With its relentless pursuit of fracking driving down the cost of natural gas, America has made a momentous switch from coal to gas that has done more to drive down carbon-dioxide emissions than any recent climate policy. Turns out that those who gathered in Paris, France, could learn a little from Paris, Texas.

Mr. Lomborg, president of the Copenhagen Consensus Center, is the author of “Cool It” (Knopf, 2007) and “Smartest Targets for the World” (Copenhagen Consensus, 2015).

KANSERİ ÖNLEYEN MÜTHİŞ ÜÇLÜ KARIŞIM

KANSERİ ÖNLEYEN MÜTHİŞ ÜÇLÜ KARIŞIM

 

american-doctor-assures-mix-these-three-ingredients-and-you-will-prevent-cancer-diseases-600x320[1]

Amerikalı doktor, Carolyn Anderson, aşağıda sizler ile paylaşacağımız tarifin kanseri önlediğini iddia ediyor. Bu basit tarif hemen hemen her evde bulunan 3 maddenin karışımı.

Dr. Anderson’a göre bu 3 madde Doğu Hindistan’da 2000 yıldan bu yana kullanılmakta olup, son zamanlarda batılı tıp bilim adamları tarafından da onaylanmıştır. Dr. Anderson, bu 3 besin karıştırılıp her gün tüketildiği takdirde, kanser riskinin hemen hemen tamamen ortadan kalktığını, belirtmektedir.
Bu olağanüstü karışım, zerdeçal, zeytinyağı ve çekilmiş karabiber.
Bu karışımdaki en önemli madde zerdeçal. Zerdaçal faydaları saymakla bitmez.Zerdeçal, vücutta enfeksiyonu ve iltihaplanmayı önleyen çok kuvvetli bir maddedir.
Zerdeçalın, kolon, prostat, beyin ve göğüs kanseri başta olmak üzere bir çok kanser türünü önlediği bilimsel olarak da kanıtlanmıştır. Fareler ile yapılan deneylerde, kanserojen maddeler enjekte edilen farelere aynı zamanda zerdeçal verilmesi durumunda birçok kanser hastalığının tamamen  önlendiği ortaya çıkmıştır.
Yapılan araştırmalara göre, karabiber, zerdeçalın etkisini %200 oranında arttırmaktadır.
Kanseri Önleyen Karışımın Tarifi:
Çeyrek çay kaşığı zerdeçal, yarım çay kaşığı zeytin yağı, çeyrek çay kaşığından az taze çekilmiş karabiber.
Bu üç maddeyi bir fincanda karıştırın. Karışımı sade ya da salatalarınıza, çorbalarınıza, yemeklerinize katarak tüketebilirsiniz. Eğer, pişmiş yemeğe koyacaksanız, yemeğin sonuna ekleyin.
Bu karışımı günde en az 3 kez tüketmelisiniz. Dr. Anderson, bu karışımın kanseri önlediği gibi,  kötü huylu kanser hücrelerini de yok ettiğini belirtmektedir.
Kaynak:  healthandhomeremedies.com

CHARTING MILKY WAY

Charting the Milky Way from the inside out

Using WISE, researchers have discovered more than 400 dust-shrouded nurseries of stars that have helped them trace the shape of our galaxy’s spiral arms.
By NASA  |  Published: Friday, June 05, 2015
RELATED TOPICS: MILKY WAY | SPIRAL GALAXIES
Shape of Milky Way Galaxy
This artist’s concept depicts the most up-to-date information about the shape of our own Milky Way Galaxy. We live around a star, our Sun, located about two-thirds of the way out from the center.
NASA/JPL-Caltech/R. Hurt (SSC/Caltech)
Imagine trying to create a map of your house while confined to only the living room. You might peek through the doors into other rooms or look for light spilling in through the windows. But, in the end, the walls and lack of visibility would largely prevent you from seeing the big picture.

The job of mapping our Milky Way Galaxy from planet Earth, situated about two-thirds of the way out from the galaxy’s center, is similarly difficult. Clouds of dust permeate the Milky Way, blocking our view of the galaxy’s stars. Today, researchers have a suitable map of our galaxy’s spiral structure, but, like early explorers charting new territory, they continue to patiently and meticulously fill in the blanks.

Recently, researchers have turned to a new mapping method that takes advantage of data from NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). Using WISE, the research team has discovered more than 400 dust-shrouded nurseries of stars, which trace the shape of our galaxy’s spiral arms. Seven of these “embedded star clusters” are described in a new study.

“The Sun’s location within the dust-obscured galactic disk is a complicating factor to observe the galactic structure,” said Denilso Camargo from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil.

The results support the four-arm model of our galaxy’s spiral structure. For the last few years, various methods of charting the Milky Way have largely led to a picture of four spiral arms. The arms are where most stars in the galaxy are born. They are stuffed with gas and dust, the ingredients of stars. Two of the arms, called Perseus and Scutum-Centaurus, seem to be more prominent and jam-packed with stars, while the Sagittarius and Outer arms have as much gas as the other two arms but not as many stars.

Astronomers using data from NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) are helping to trace the shape of our Milky Way Galaxy’s spiral arms. This illustration shows where WISE data revealed clusters of young stars shrouded in dust, called embedded clusters, which are known to reside in spiral arms.
The new WISE study finds embedded star clusters in the Perseus, Sagittarius, and Outer arms. Data from the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), a ground-based predecessor of WISE from NASA, the National Science Foundation, and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, helped narrow down the distances to the clusters and pinpoint their location.
milky way
Embedded star clusters are a powerful tool for visualizing the whereabouts of spiral arms because the clusters are young and their stars haven’t yet drifted away and out of the arms. Stars begin their lives in the dense gas-rich neighborhoods of spiral arms, but they migrate away over time. These embedded star clusters complement other techniques for mapping our galaxy, such as those used by radio telescopes, which detect the dense gas clouds in spiral arms.

“Spiral arms are like traffic jams in that the gas and stars crowd together and move more slowly in the arms. As material passes through the dense spiral arms, it is compressed and this triggers more star formation,” said Camargo.

WISE is ideal for finding the embedded star clusters because its infrared vision can cut through the dust that fills the galaxy and shrouds the clusters. What’s more, WISE scanned the whole sky, so it was able to perform a thorough survey of the shape of our Milky Way. NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope also uses infrared images to map the Milky Way’s territory. Spitzer looks along specific lines of sight and counts stars. The spiral arms will have the densest star populations.

 

MilkyWay

ALMAN “SOYKIRIM” KARARI

Türkler ve Türkiye, dünyada hiçbir millet ve devletle, Almanlar ve Almanya ile olduğu kadar yakın ve derin ilişkide değildir. Almanya’da 3 milyona yakın Türk yaşamaktadır. En az üçte biri Alman pasaportu taşımaktadır. Bunların bir kısmı üçüncü nesildir. Türk asıllı Alman olmuşlardır. Zaten de bunun daha fazla böyle olması gerekirdi. İnsanlar hayatları boyunca bir ülkede “misafir işçi” yani yabancı olarak yaşayamaz. Ama herkesten önce kendisi, kendini “yabancı” olarak konumlandırmamalıdır. Bu, bireysel gelişmeyi engelleyen bir durumdur. Alman Parlamentosu’nun aldığı kısaca “1915 olayları bir soykırımdır” kararı, başka hiçbir devletin aynı yönde aldığı karara benzemez. Bu gerçeği, içimiz kan ağlasa da bütün çıplaklığıyla görmeye ve ona göre davranmaya mecburuz. Kaldı ki; Almanlar bu olayda kendilerinin de suçlu olduğunu aynı karar metninde açıkça kabul ettiler. Bu kararı Hristiyan kültürünün “günah çıkar, rahatla” geleneği çerçevesinde anlamak da mümkündür.

EN YANLIŞ SAVUNMA: SİZ DE YAHUDİLERİ ÖLDÜRDÜNÜZ

Maalesef bizim kendimizi savunma kültürümüzde “tencere dibin kara, senin ki benden kara” paradigması hâkimdir. Alman Parlamentosu’nun kararına karşı “Ama siz de Yahudilere soykırım uyguladınız” demek, aslında suçlamayı kabul etmektir. Şunu mu teklif ediyoruz? “Tamam, kabahatliyiz, ama siz de beterini yaptınız; biz sizin ayıbınızı görmeyelim, siz de bizimkini görmeyin”. Kaldı ki Almanlar Yahudi soykırımı yaptıklarını inkâr etmiyorlar. Onların tek sahtekârlığı “soykırımı Almanlar değil, (sanki gaipten gelen ve harp bitince geldiği gibi gaibe dönen bir kavim olan) Nazi’ler yaptı” demeleridir. Aynı yöntemi bize de öneriyorlar “Bu kötülüğü TC değil Osmanlı’nın Jön Türkleri yaptı” deyin rahatlayın diyorlar. CHP zihniyeti hatta Atatürk yaptı deselerdi AKP bu öğüdün üstüne atlardı. Tepkimizi, biz 1915’i böyle görmüyoruz, ama siz öyle görüyorsanız, sizin de kararınıza değil ama karar alma hakkınıza saygı duyarız, dedikten sonra ortaya koymalıyız.

ERMENİ TEHCİRİ, SOYKIRIM OLMASA DA ÇOK BÜYÜK BİR FACİADIR